HEAD, EDITH (1897–1981), U.S. costume designer. Head was born Edith Claire Posener to Max and Anna Posener (née Levy) in San Bernardino, California. When her mother divorced and remarried, Edith took her stepfather's surname, Spare, and adopted his Roman Catholic faith. The family moved to Los Angeles when Head was 12. She received an undergraduate degree from the University of California at Berkeley and a master's degree in French from Stanford University in 1920. She returned to Southern California to teach at the Hollywood School for Girls. When asked to teach an art course at the school, Head signed up for night classes at the Otis Art Institute and then the Chouinard School of Art. In 1923, she married Charles Head, but the couple divorced in 1938; however, Head would use his surname for the rest of her life. Head responded to an advertisement from Paramount for a costume design artist in 1923 and won the position by borrowing designs from art school students at Chouinard. In 1927, she was appointed assistant to Travis Banton, Paramounts chief costume designer. Her first film credit as a   costume designer was for the Mae West film She Done Him Wrong (1933). In 1938, Head became the first woman to lead a studio's costume department. Barabara Stanwyck even had Head written into her contract after her deft handling of the numerous costume changes in The Lady Eve (1941). In 1945 she started making regular appearances on Art Linkletter's House Party to give fashion advice to women, which was followed by her advice books The Dress Doctor (1959) and How to Dress for Success (1967) and later a syndicated advice column. In 1946, she worked on the film Notorious, which began a 30-year collaboration with director Alfred Hitchcock. Head received her first Oscar nomination for costume design in 1948 for The Emperor Waltz; she was nominated a total of 34 times in her career, winning Oscars for The Heiress (1949), Samson and Delilah (1949), All About Eve (1950), A Place in the Sun (1951), Roman Holiday (1953), Sabrina (1954), The Facts of Life (1960), and The Sting (1973). When Paramount failed to renew her contract in 1967, Head went to Universal, where her six-decade career finally came to an end in 1981 with her 1,131st film, the Steve Martin comedy noir Dead Men Don't Wear Plaid (1982). (Adam Wills (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Head,Edith — Head (hĕd), Edith. 1898? 1981. American costume designer for more than 1,000 motion pictures, including All About Eve (1950) and A Place in the Sun (1951). * * * …   Universalium

  • Head, Edith — born Oct. 28, 1897, San Bernardino, Calif., U.S. died Oct. 24, 1981, Hollywood, Calif. U.S. costume designer. She became chief designer at Paramount Pictures in 1933 and later worked at Universal. Hollywood s best known designer, she was noted… …   Universalium

  • Head, Edith — (1898 1981)    Head began her career as an assistant costume designer at Paramount Studios. Throughout her career she received thirty five Academy Award nominations and won eight of them for her costumes. Gifted with the ability to accentuate the …   Historical Dictionary of the Fashion Industry

  • Head, Edith — (28 oct. 1897, San Bernardino, Cal., EE.UU.–24 oct. 1981, Hollywood, Cal.). Diseñadora de vestuario estadounidense. Asumió como diseñadora en jefe de la Paramount Pictures en 1933, y en 1967 comenzó a trabajar en la Universal. Fue la más famosa… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Edith Head — Infobox Actor name = Edith Head birthname = Edith Claire Posener birthdate = birth date|1897|10|28 birthplace = Searchlight, Nevada deathdate = death date and age|1981|10|24|1897|10|28 deathplace = Los Angeles, California spouse = Charles Head… …   Wikipedia

  • Edith Head — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Edith et Head. Edith Head Données clés Nom de naissance Edith Claire Posener Naissance 28 octobre 1897 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Edith — /ee dith/, n. a female given name: from Old English words meaning rich, happy and war. Also, Edithe. * * * (as used in expressions) Edith Margaret Emily Ashcroft Cavell Edith Louisa Evans Dame Edith Mary Hamilton Edith Head Edith Marsh Dame Edith …   Universalium

  • Edith — (as used in expressions) Edith Margaret Emily Ashcroft Cavell, Edith (Louisa) Evans, Dame Edith (Mary) Hamilton, Edith Head, Edith Marsh, Dame (Edith) Ngaio Piaf, Edith Edith Giovanna Gassion Edith Anna Oenone Somerville y Violet Florence Martin… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • head — headlike, adj. /hed/, n. 1. the upper part of the body in humans, joined to the trunk by the neck, containing the brain, eyes, ears, nose, and mouth. 2. the corresponding part of the body in other animals. 3. the head considered as the center of… …   Universalium

  • Edith Head — (* 28. Oktober 1897 in San Bernardino, Kalifornien, USA als Edith Claire Posener; † 24. Oktober 1981 in Los Angeles) war eine US amerikanische Kostümbildnerin für den Film. Sie versorgte fast 1000 US amerikanische Filme mit ihren Kostümentwürfen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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